Parkinson’s Disease Neurohealth Training

The PD Neurohealth Training is an innovative, experiential program dedicated to non-invasive, nonpharmacological strategies to manage Parkinson’s disease.

Techniques include evidence-based lessons, activity tracking, mindful movement classes, and meditation instruction.

The combination of these strategies allows each participant to make informed choices about their health and well-being.

What does the research say:

Parkinson’s symptoms are varied.  Every person has a different course, and it is difficult to predict which factors mitigate or exacerbate symptoms for any given individual. (1)

Nevertheless, any given person can improve their health by implementing lifestyle changes, and these often correlate with improved Parkinson’s symptoms.

As one example, fMRI brain scans in people with Parkinson’s show increased connectivity between basal ganglia and motor cortex. (2, 3)  When quieted with biofeedback, the abnormal activity rapidly improves (4).  Mindful Neurology emphasizes meditation-driven feedback to elicit reduction in tremor and stiffness.

Additionally, meditation and activity tracking are  used to improve observational skills and understanding of lifestyle choices on our health outcomes.  A recent study showed that 8 weeks of meditation training for people with PD led to increased neuron growth in the hippocampus (5) and decreased in UPDRS score (6).

Activities such as exercise and yoga also stimulate growth of brain cells (7).   This is exciting news for people with Parkinson’s who should be encouraged to learn new exercises and continually improve their posture, balance and mobility.

With knowledge at your fingertips, you can be empowered to create a lifestyle that supports your brain.

Join us in this exciting journey:  PD Neurohealth Training.

Literature citations:

1.Mischley L et al. Use of a self-rating scale of the nature and severity of symptoms in Parkinson’s Disease.  Correlation with quality of life and existing scales of disease severity.   2017 Jun 16;3:20. doi: 10.1038/s41531-017-0021-5

2.  Neithammer M et al. Functional neuroimaging in Parkinson’s disease. Cold Spring Harb Perspect Med 2012: 1:a009274

3.  Baudrexel S et al. Resting state fMRI reveals increased subthalamic nucleus-motor cortex connectivity in Parkinson’s disease. Neuroimage 2011. 55:1728-1738

4.  Subramanian L et al. Real-time functional MRI neurofeedback for treatment of Parkinson’s disease. J Neurosci 2011. 31(45):16309-16317

5.  Pickut et al. Mindfulness training among individuals with Parkinson’s disease: neurobehavioral effects. Parkinson’s Dis 2015. 2015: 816404

6.  Pickut B et al. Mindfulness based interventions in Parkinson’s disease leads to structural brain changes on MRI. A randomized controlled longitudinal trial. Clin neurol neurosurg. 2013. 115:2419-2425.

7. Petzinger G. The effects of exercise on dopamine neurotransmission in Parkinson’s disease: targeting neuroplasticity to modulate basal ganglia circuitry. Brain Plast 2015. 1(1): 29-39

Additional literature:

Ehgoetz Martens K et al. Does anxiety cause freezing of gait in Parkinson’s disease? PLOS One 2014. 9(9): e106561

Kwok J et al. Effects of mind-body exercises on the physiological and psychosocial well-being of individuals with Parkinson’s disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Complement ther med 2016. 29; 121-131

Disssanayaka N et al. Mindfulness for motor and nonmotor dysfunctions in Parkinson’s disease. Parkinsons Dis 2016. 2016:7109052

 

Brewer J et al. Meditation experience is associated with differences in default mode network activity and connectivity. PNAS 2011. 108(50): 20254-20259

Holzel B et al. Mindfulness practice leads to increased regional brain gray matter. Psychiatry Res 2011 191(1): 36-43

Gard T et al. Greater widespread functional connectivity of the caudate in older adults who practice Kripalu yoga and Vipassana meditation than in controls. Front hum neurosci 2015. 9:137.